Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) established to develop and improve rice production and processing in CWA region countries. CWARice with three main principals: Collaboration, Coordination and Cooperation (C.C.P) and also creating synergies and exchange of experiences between Central and West Asian countries including: Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iraq, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan try to enhance their food security. With the consensus among (plenipotentiaries) delegates from above-mentioned countries as well as representatives of international organizations such as FAO, ECO and IDB, and with the agreement and support of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Ministry of Jihad-e- Agriculture (Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)) and the Governor's Office of Guilan, Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) as the first regional rice center in the world established on 12 September 2011, in Rasht, Iran originally under the name of the Regional Rice Research and Training Center for Central and West Asia (RRTC-CWA). Afterwards, at the first High Level Regional Meeting for Cooperation on Rice R&D coincided with the fourth Technical Management (TMC) of Central and Western Asian Countries on 9-11 May 2016, the new name of the Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) was approved considering a wider range of activities. The covered region by CWARice includes 10 above-mentioned countries, but it could include more than 20 proposed countries, according to the latest FAO statistics, the total of these countries has 8674919 hectares of cultivated land and 30904641 tons of rice production and multiplicity of potential. During the annual meetings with the presence of senior rice representatives, each member state will consider the needs and priorities of the rice sector and the benefits of exploiting its positive rating can be attributed to each of the more active countries in the rice field of the countries of the region.
Cooperation, Collaboration and Coordination (C.C.P) of all member countries as well as regional and international organizations such as IDB, FAO, IRRI and ECO are main principles for CWARice activities. In fact, identifying, organizing and creating a network of activists of CWARice for empowering rice sector of CWA region in a wide range of counseling and policymaking, as the centerpiece of decisions and actions, will play an effective role in the concerned sustainable development of its member countries.
Advanced global challenges couldn’t be tackled without the consensus of the whole world on using cooperative strategies. CWA region with its significant economic power, vast natural resources and dynamic work force, has a huge development potential which we should harness in the interest of all our member countries. A coordinated regional effort linked strategically to the global rice science community, was needed for enhancing rice R&D in Central-West Asia. No country alone was able to make the fundamental scientific breakthrough to address the burning issues of the future.
Establishment of a regional hub for rice science and development in Central and West Asia, recommended and supported by International Rice Research Institute known as IRRI. Iran was well positioned to play a strategic role in the Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) of CGIAR for rice research, development and training in Central and West Asia through establishing the Central and West Asian Rice Center(CWARice).
Indeed, CWARice establishment is of great importance in terms of developing new technologies and train a cadre of young rice scientists and extension workers who can bring new technologies to rice farmers in Central- West Asia, ensuring food security and increased income through increasing the productivity of rice systems as well as enhancing resilience to climate change and climatic extremes.
CWARice has a unique geo-strategic location, linking the Central and West Asian countries (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) which are also members of Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and Islamic Development Bank (IDB).