Rice is the hugely important food crop for the world’s population, especially in Central and West Asia region. Rice is cultivated in 159.8 million ha in the world. During the last 16 years, there has been a remarkable increase in the production of rice. While the rice production has increased by over 1.24 times, the cultivation area has remained almost constant over this period. The rice productivity has increased from 3.89 t/ha to 4.64 t/ha.
To supply the increasing rice demand for the world growing population, mechanization is one of the remarkable factors. The rice productivity is influenced by the level of mechanization through improvement in yield (by proper and timely seed bed preparation, efficient control of weeds) and reduction losses (by efficient harvesting, threshing and post-harvest process).
The one-week Rice Mechanization Course held by Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) based on educational section of approved 5-year program of CWARice (2018-2022) on July 10-15, 2018, Rasht, Iran. This course was conducted in coordination with Higher Scientific and Applied Education Institute of Jihad-e- Agricultural, Guilan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center and Rice Research Institute of Iran (RRII) for rice experts and researchers from Azerbaijan, I.R. Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkey.
The course aimed to acquaint the participants with the updates on the mechanization of rice production. Moreover, presenting different mechanized systems in rice production will be followed.
Goals of this workshop:
- Understanding the importance of mechanization in rice production.
- Acquaintance with different mechanized rice production operations, different farm machinery and equipment for rice producing.
- Application of machinery in the mechanization of rice production.
- Some economical assessment related to rice machinery.
- Introduction and acquaintance with:
− Machineries for primary and secondary tillage and land leveling.
− Types of tillage patterns and applied powers in rice farms.
− Machineries for rice dry and wet direct seeding and transplanting.
− Rice weeders and sprayers.
− Rice manual and mechanized harvesting
- Application and adjustment of rice reapers, threshers and combine harvesters.
- Estimation of rice harvest losses and economic analysis.
- Introducing the drying and milling process and visiting a rice processing factory.