Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) established to develop and improve rice production and processing in CWA region countries. CWARice with three main principals: Collaboration, Coordination and Cooperation (C.C.P) and also creating synergies and exchange of experiences between Central and West Asian countries including: Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iraq, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan try to enhance their food security.
With the consensus among (plenipotentiaries) delegates from above-mentioned countries as well as representatives of international organizations such as FAO, ECO and IDB, and with the agreement and support of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Ministry of Jihad-e- Agriculture (Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)) and the Governor's Office of Guilan, Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) as the first regional rice center in the world established on 12 September 2011, in Rasht, Iran originally under the name of the Regional Rice Research and Training Center for Central and West Asia (RRTC-CWA). Afterwards, at the first High Level Regional Meeting for Cooperation on Rice R&D coincided with the fourth Technical Management (TMC) of Central and Western Asian Countries on 9-11 May 2016, the new name of the Central and West Asian Rice Center (CWARice) was approved considering a wider range of activities.
Fifty years of scientific and research experience within the domain of rice in Iran and close relationship with IRRI, entered this country in a new phase in the areas of research and training. A formal agreement was signed between Five-member delegation of Iran including that time Governorship of Guilan Province, Deputy of Minister and the head of Agriculture, Research and Extension Organization, Director General of RRII and Agriculture Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), and Dr. Zeigler, Director General of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) on providing support by IRRI for any efforts by Iran to establish a regional training and research center for rice research from neighboring countries in May 2010. Subsequently, five senior scientists of IRRI visited RRII, headed by Dr. Dobermann, D.D.G of IRRI. They inaugurated CWARice in an official ceremony with the presence of Governorship of Guilan, AREEO, national and local officials at RRII in September 2010.
Striking steps were taken by parties and a meeting entitled "Regional Workshop on Rice Research Priorities for Central- West Asia Countries" was held by RRII and participation of full authorized representatives of seven regional countries as well as the representatives of international organizations such as IDB, ECO and FAO on September 9-11, 2011. Distinguished representatives with full consensus endorsed the establishment of the Regional Rice Research and Training Center, with the aim of holding training courses for involved countries experts and researchers and conducting joint research projects in the context of GRiSP.
The covered region by CWARice includes 10 above-mentioned countries, but it could include more than 20 proposed countries, according to the latest FAO statistics, the total of these countries has 1187017 hectares of rice cultivated land and 5310139 tons of rice production and multiplicity of potential.
Organizational Structure of CWARice
The Center Organizational Structure consists of a Technical Management Committee (TMC) which is composed of fully authorized representatives of all member countries in the region. The TMC members will meet annually to plan the program of annual activities. It is responsible for overall management of CWARice annual agenda. It is mandated to ratify and supervise the collaborative research, development and training activities to be conducted with the various member countries. The TMC members meet annually to review, plan and approve the program of activities. TMC President selects on a rotational basis.